DHA during pregnancy does not appear to improve cognitive outcomes for children
News May 04, 2014
Although there are recommendations for pregnant women to increase their intake of the omega-3 fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) to improve fetal brain development, a randomized trial finds that prenatal DHA supplementation did not result in improved cognitive, problem-solving or language abilities for children at four years of age, according to the study in the May 7 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on child health. This issue is being released early to coincide with the Pediatric Academic Societies Annual Meeting.
Maria Makrides, B.Sc., B.N.D., Ph.D., of the South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute, Adelaide, Australia and colleagues conducted longer-term follow-up from a previously published study in which pregnant women received 800 mg/d of DHA or placebo. In the initial study, the researchers found that average cognitive, language, and motor scores did not differ between children at 18 months of age. For the follow-up study, outcomes were assessed at 4 years, a time point when any subtle effects on development should have emerged and can be more reliably assessed.
The majority (91.9 percent) of eligible families (DHA group, n = 313; control group, n = 333) participated in the follow-up. The authors found that measures of cognition, the ability to perform complex mental processing, language, and executive functioning (such as memory, reasoning, problem solving) did not differ significantly between groups.
"Our data do not support prenatal DHA supplementation to enhance early childhood development."
Note: Material may have been edited for length and content. For further information, please contact the cited source.
Maria Makrides, Jacqueline F. Gould, Nicola R. Gawlik, Lisa N. Yelland, Lisa G. Smithers, Peter J. Anderson, Robert A. Gibson. Four-Year Follow-up of Children Born to Women in a Randomized Trial of Prenatal DHA Supplementation. JAMA, Published May 7 2014. doi: 10.1001/jama.2014.2194
Early Life Experiences Alter DNA Structure in the Adult BrainNews
Scientists report in the journal Science that the type of mothering a female mouse provides her pups actually changes their DNA.READ MORE
Worms Exhibit Fear and Respond to Anti-anxiety MedsNews
A team of investigators has uncovered new clues about the mechanisms of fear and anxiety through an unlikely creature: the tiny nematode worm.READ MORE
Vegetable Compound Could Have a Key Role in ‘Beeting’ Alzheimer’s DiseaseNews
A compound in beets that gives the vegetable its distinctive red color could eventually help slow the accumulation of misfolded proteins in the brain, a process that is associated with Alzheimer’s disease.READ MORE
Comments | 0 ADD COMMENT
International Conference on Neuroimmunology, Neurological disorders and Neurogenetics
Sep 26 - Sep 27, 2018