Music to the ears of dementia sufferers: Learning to play saxophone after diagnosis
News Mar 25, 2015
South Korean researchers have revealed details of an usual case which offers new insights into frontotemporal dementia (FTD).
Writing in the latest issue of the journal Neurocase, Dr Hanna Cho and her colleagues relate the story of a patient who, with no prior musical training, learned to play the saxophone after being diagnosed with a behavioural variant of FTD.
In fact, over three years of daily practice in the face of otherwise “progressive cognitive decline and overall apathy”, the patient mastered 10 Korean folk songs so well that he outshone the others in his class without a cognitive impairment.
The case of the middle-aged man known only as 'J.K.' is significant because while some patients with FTD experience “an artistic enhancement” of their existing visual or musical abilities, there has been no record to date of anyone learning to play an instrument after diagnosis.
The researchers put forward three possible explanations for 'J.K'’s unusual skill, mostly to do with the sparing by FTD of particular abilities or parts of his brain, in particular his basal ganglia and cerebellum (preserving his procedural, non-declarative forms of memory and basic motor skills), his visuo-constructive abilities (allowing him to sight-read and play music) and his right hemisphere (where 'asymmetric hemisphere degeneration' might have predisposed him to develop artistic talents.
But whatever the reason for the patient’s virtuoso saxophone playing, this study and the medical observations, case notes and images detailed within it pose interesting questions – and perhaps some answers – for dementia research. It also has intriguing implications for the use of music therapy and music-based cognitive rehabilitation in FTD patients.
Note: Material may have been edited for length and content. For further information, please contact the cited source.
Hanna Cho, Juhee Chin, Mee Kyung Suh, Hee Jin Kim, Yeo Jin Kim, Byoung Seok Ye, Na Kyung Lee, Eun Joo Kim, Sang Won Seo, Duk L. Na. Postmorbid learning of saxophone playing in a patient with frontotemporal dementia. Neurocase, Published Online January 14 2015. doi: 10.1080/13554794.2014.992915
All in a Droplet: Atomic Resolution of ALS Protein ResolvedNews
Researchers have described atom-by-atom changes in a family of proteins linked to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a group of brain disorders known as frontotemporal dementia and degenerative diseases of muscle and bone.READ MORE
Pupil Size Couples to Cortical States to Protect Deep Sleep StabilityNews
Researchers have found that mice pupil size fluctuates during sleep. They also show that pupil size is a reliable indicator of sleep states.READ MORE
A Place to Think: Persistent neuronal activity in human prefrontal cortex links perception and actionNews
Neuroscientists have tracked the progress of a thought through the brain, showing clearly how the prefrontal cortex at the front of the brain coordinates activity to help us act in response to a perception.READ MORE