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NHS to Fund Brain Surgery for Deaf Children

NHS to Fund Brain Surgery for Deaf Children

NHS to Fund Brain Surgery for Deaf Children

NHS to Fund Brain Surgery for Deaf Children

Cochlear implants, like the one seen here, cannot be used to help deaf infants whose nner ear (cochlea) or auditory nerve did not develop properly. The pioneering surgery now available could potentially let these children hear for the first time. Credit: Bjorn Knetsch from The Netherlands [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)]
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Pioneering brain surgery that allows children who are deaf to experience the sensation of hearing for the first time is being made routinely available, NHS England announced today.

Two highly specialist teams at hospitals in Manchester and London will perform Auditory Brainstem Implants (ABIs) surgery for children who are deaf across the country.

The surgery is for children who are profoundly deaf, aged five or under, who are unable to use conventional hearing aids or implants because their inner ear (cochlea) or auditory nerve did not develop properly.

The highly complex procedure involves inserting a device directly into the brain to stimulate hearing pathways, bypassing the cochlea and auditory nerve that have not developed properly.

Professor Stephen Powis, NHS medical director, said: “This truly life-changing surgery, which allows youngsters to hear their parents’ voices for the first time, will now be available across England for children who are deaf who have no other options.

“As we put the NHS Long Term Plan into practice, the health service will continue to make the very latest, innovative treatments, like this, available to patients across the country along with world class care.”

After the implant has been inserted, long-term support is crucial to help children learn to listen and understand new signals from their implant.  This may be as simple as recognising their own name being called, but it may also involve understanding simple phrases.

Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust and Guy’s and St Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust in London will offer the cutting-edge surgery.

Health Secretary Matt Hancock said: “I’m in awe of the extraordinary medical advances made possible by the brilliant specialists working in our NHS.

“This surgery has the power to transform the futures of young children who are deaf and give fresh hope to more families.

“Hearing transforms children’s lives. I’m delighted at this progress – all part of our NHS Long Term Plan which will secure the NHS for the future.”

Susan Daniels, Chief Executive of the National Deaf Children’s Society, said: “Every deaf child is different and for some, technology like auditory brainstem implants can be the right option and can make a huge difference to their lives.

“With the right support, deaf children can achieve just as well as their hearing peers and this investment is another important step towards a society where no deaf child is left behind.”

It is estimated that about 15 children per year would be assessed for auditory brainstem implantation and that about nine would go on to have the surgery, which costs around £60,000 per patient.

A few children have already been able to benefit from this pioneering surgery including four-year-old Theo Sankson, from Manchester, and seven-year-old Leia Armitage, from Dagenham, who have even started to speak after having the pioneering procedure.

Theo’s story

Theo Sankson was diagnosed as being profoundly deaf as part of the newborn hearing screening programme. At eight months old it was discovered he didn’t have any auditory nerves, so he was not eligible for cochlear implants.

Theo was two when he had an ABI at Royal Manchester Children’s Hospital, part of Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust (MFT).

Theo’s mum Imelda said: “After discovering Theo couldn’t have a cochlear Implant, all we could think about was how would he hear a fire alarm, how could we protect him from danger?

“It’s now two years since Theo’s device was activated and he can hear me calling him from upstairs. His first word was “more” and his second was” mummy” – something I never thought I would hear. Every day he uses his voice more and more and now loves to try and sing.

“We are eternally grateful to the surgical and audiology teams in Manchester who have given our little boy the ability to hear and speak.”

This article has been republished from materials provided by NHS England. Note: material may have been edited for length and content. For further information, please contact the cited source.