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Sequential Multiplexed Analyte Quantification using Peptide Immunoaffinity Enrichment Coupled to Mass Spectrometry

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Peptide immunoaffinity enrichment coupled to selected reaction monitoring (SRM) mass spectrometry (immuno-SRM) has emerged as a technology with great potential for quantitative proteomic assays. One advantage over traditional immunoassays is the tremendous potential for concurrent quantification of multiple analytes from a given sample (i.e. multiplex analysis). We sought to explore the capacity of the immuno-SRM technique for analyzing large numbers of analytes by evaluating the multiplex capabilities and demonstrating the sequential analysis of groups of peptides from a single sample. To evaluate multiplex analysis, immuno-SRM assays were arranged in groups of 10, 20, 30, 40, and 50 peptides using a common set of reagents. The multiplex immuno-SRM assays were used to measure synthetic peptides added to plasma covering several orders of magnitude concentration. Measurements made in large multiplex groups were highly correlated (r2 ≥ 0.98) and featured good agreement (bias ≤ 1%) compared to single plex assays or a 10-plex configuration. The ability to sequentially enrich sets of analyte peptides was demonstrated by enriching groups of 10 peptides from a plasma sample in a sequential fashion. The data show good agreement (bias ≤ 1.5%) and similar reproducibility regardless of enrichment order. These significant advancements demonstrate the utility of immuno-SRM for analyzing large numbers of analytes, such as in large biomarker verification experiments or in pathway-based targeted analysis.

The article is published online in Molecular & Cellular Proteomics and is free to access.