We've updated our Privacy Policy to make it clearer how we use your personal data.

We use cookies to provide you with a better experience. You can read our Cookie Policy here.

Advertisement
Stimulating neurons could protect against brain damage, research shows
News

Stimulating neurons could protect against brain damage, research shows

Stimulating neurons could protect against brain damage, research shows
News

Stimulating neurons could protect against brain damage, research shows

Read time:
 

Want a FREE PDF version of This News Story?

Complete the form below and we will email you a PDF version of "Stimulating neurons could protect against brain damage, research shows"

First Name*
Last Name*
Email Address*
Country*
Company Type*
Job Function*
Would you like to receive further email communication from Technology Networks?

Technology Networks Ltd. needs the contact information you provide to us to contact you about our products and services. You may unsubscribe from these communications at any time. For information on how to unsubscribe, as well as our privacy practices and commitment to protecting your privacy, check out our Privacy Policy

A breakthrough in understanding how brain damage spreads—and how it could potentially be limited—has been made through a collaboration between neuroscientists and engineers at the Universities of Dundee and Strathclyde.


They have uncovered a previously unknown mechanism in the brain that allows networks of neurons to protect against the kind of spreading secondary damage seen in cases of strokes and traumatic brain injuries.


"If this network activity could be triggered clinically as soon as possible then major brain damage could be minimised and recovery periods shortened," said Dr Christopher Connolly, Reader in Neurobiology in the University of Dundee's School of Medicine.


See Also: Scientists catch brain damage in the act


"Although this is basic laboratory research, it does now re-open the door to the possibility of stopping ongoing brain damage.


"Slow acting neuroprotection is well known but approaches to induce protection require at least 24 hours notice to be effective. This is of no practical use in a clinical emergency situation such as a stroke or traumatic brain injury, so current treatment options are limited to aiding the recovery processes.


"We have identified that neuronal networks react to an insult by sending rapid—in minutes—warning signals in an attempt to protect against the toxicity that causes brain damage. If that could be recruited clinically then it would give us a tool to deploy quickly in cases where brain damage was a risk.


"Where we can't protect neurons quickly, we can recruit the help of surrounding neurons to do this for us. It is a case of `If you need a job done quickly, ask the expert' and in this instance the experts are the neurons themselves."


Laboratory-based modelling also showed that the rapid use of benzodiazepines (Valium) appeared to mimic the protection offered by the neuron networks.


Read Next: Unlocking the potential of stem cells to repair brain damage


"This is something we certainly need to test further but it does suggest the possibility of an effective and immediate pharmacological treatment for stroke," said Dr Connolly.


Dr. Connolly worked on the project with Dr. Michele Zagnoni, Senior Lecturer in Electronic and Electrical Engineering at the University of Strathclyde.


Dr. Zagnoni said, "Using microfluidic technology, we were able to produce in-vitro neuronal networks to investigate spreading toxicity in the brain, which is the cause of brain damage even after an initial trauma.


"Through this process we were able to demonstrate how the spread of this toxicity is driven. In doing that we also uncovered a previously unknown, fast acting, neuroprotective signalling mechanism.


"This mechanism utilises the innate capacity of the surrounding neuronal networks (grown in the laboratory) to provide protection against the spreading toxicity. By stimulating that network, then theoretically we could limit the spread of brain damage. That requires further work, but it is an exciting and important possibility."


Learn More: Do spinal cord injuries cause subsequent brain damage?


The results of the research are published in the journal Scientific Reports.


The project examined the process known as acute secondary neuronal cell death, which is seen in neurodegenerative disease, cerebral ischemia (stroke) and traumatic brain injury (TBI) and drives spreading neurotoxicity into surrounding, undamaged, brain areas.


Note: Material may have been edited for length and content. For further information, please contact the cited source.


University of Strathclyde


Publication

Samson AJ et al. Neuronal networks provide rapid neuroprotection against spreading toxicity.   Scientific Reports, Published Online September 21 2016. doi: 10.1038/srep33746


Advertisement