We've updated our Privacy Policy to make it clearer how we use your personal data. We use cookies to provide you with a better experience. You can read our Cookie Policy here.


VOC Metabolomics in Model Animals Improved by Advanced GC-MS Method

Orange and green bubbles.
Credit: Kai Dahms/ Unsplash
Listen with
Register for free to listen to this article
Thank you. Listen to this article using the player above.

Want to listen to this article for FREE?

Complete the form below to unlock access to ALL audio articles.

Read time: 1 minute

Recently, a research group led by Prof. CHU Yannan at the Institute of Health and Medical Technology (IHMT), Hefei Institutes of Physical Science (HFIPS) of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) adopted the untargeted analytical method of headspace-solid phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (HS-SPME-GC-MS) to detect volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in rat organs, and obtained the biological information of VOCs metabolized by related organs.

The results were published in Analytical Chemistry and selected as the front cover.

The detection of VOCs in human metabolites has the potential to change the way we screen and diagnose organ diseases. This technology is expected to become a non-invasive method for identifying and monitoring diseases in the body. However, whether there are VOCs in normal organs and whether there are differences in VOCs among different organs are still urgent issues to be explored.

In this study, researchers analyzed and detected organs in a controlled laboratory setting using rats that have a high genetic similarity to humans. Using HP-SPME-GC-MS technology, VOCs released from 12 organ tissues were measured, and chromatographic peaks were obtained. Based on the Mann Whitney U test and fold change (FC>2.0), the untargeted analysis revealed that compared with other organs, 7 organs showed differences in VOCs.

Want more breaking news?

Subscribe to Technology Networks’ daily newsletter, delivering breaking science news straight to your inbox every day.

Subscribe for FREE

This study represented the first systematic report on the differential VOCs found in various organs of rats. The researchers extensively discussed the potential metabolic pathways of these VOCs and their possible role as biomarkers for diseases. The findings provided valuable insights into the understanding of organ-specific VOC profiles and their potential implications in disease diagnosis and monitoring.

In addition, by combining orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) with receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC), researchers were able to validate the discriminatory power of the differential VOCs in recognizing each organ.

"This approach provides a reliable and accurate method for organ recognition based on VOC profiling," said Prof. CHU Yannan.

According to the team, the VOCs profiles of healthy organ tissues obtained in this study can serve as a baseline for scientific research such as non-invasive screening and diagnosis of gas biopsy or breath test, disease treatment monitoring, and efficacy evaluation.

Reference: Liu Y, Ge D, Zhou J, et al. HS–SPME–GC–MS untargeted analysis of normal rat organs ex vivo: differential VOC discrimination and fingerprint VOC identification. Anal Chem. 2023;95(30):11375-11382. doi: 10.1021/acs.analchem.3c01546

This article has been republished from the following materials. Note: material may have been edited for length and content. For further information, please contact the cited source.