This Week on NeuroScientistNews: 06 July – 10 July
News Jul 10, 2015
LSD-induced synesthesia; stress resiliency and susceptibility; bacterial biofilms and MS, and more.
Psychedelic drugs like LSD are often associated with experiences that can only be described as synesthesia—the rare neurological phenomenon in which a stimulus produces a second concurrent, involuntary experience—although scientists are still unsure if chemically-induced synesthesia is a genuine synesthetic experience.
Humans are remarkably resilient when confronted with tremendous amounts of stress and trauma. While most people are able to maintain balanced psychological and physical functioning, some people are vulnerable, or susceptible, to the negative biological, psychological, and social consequences of stress. The biological factors underlying susceptibility are unknown and likely intersect with an individual’s ability to cope, among other factors.
Lupus, multiple sclerosis, and type-1 diabetes are among more than a score of diseases in which the immune system attacks the body it was designed to defend. But just why the immune system begins its misdirected assault has remained a mystery. Now, researchers at Temple University School of Medicine have shown that bacterial communities that form biofilms play a role in the development of the autoimmune disease systemic lupus erythematosus -- a discovery that may provide important clues about several autoimmune ailments.
A blood-borne molecule that increases in abundance as we age blocks regeneration of brain cells and promotes cognitive decline, suggests a new study by researchers at University of California, San Francisco and Stanford School of Medicine.
Structural brain abnormalities in patients with schizophrenia, providing insight into how the condition may develop and respond to treatment, have been identified in an international study. Scientists at more than a dozen locations across the United States and Europe analyzed brain MRI scans from 2,028 schizophrenia patients and 2,540 healthy controls, assessed with standardized methods at 15 centers worldwide. The findings help further the understanding of the mental disorder.
Synaptotagmin 7 Ensures Efficiency of Inhibitory Signal TransmissionNews
Researchers at IST Austria define function of an enigmatic synaptic protein, synaptotagmin 7.READ MORE
Molecules in Spit Could Help Diagnose ConcussionsNews
Diagnosing a concussion can sometimes be a guessing game, but clues taken from small molecules in saliva may be able to help diagnose and predict the duration of concussions in children, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers.READ MORE
Elpis BioMed Closes Funding Round to Commercialise Novel Technology Platform for Generating Human Cell TypesNews
New Cambridge spin-out company commercialises disruptive technology that enables rapid generation of pure and consistent batches of human cell types. Geographically diversified, top-tier investor team includes key industry leaders to support early company development.READ MORE