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Behavioral Neuroscience – News and Features

A man and a woman's legs.

Sex Differences Found in Molecular Mechanisms of Reward Behaviors

A new study has discovered underlying sex differences in the molecular pathways that drive reward-related behaviors. In particular, the study found differences and similarities in the ways males and females strengthened connections between the hippocampus and the nucleus accumbens.
A woman performs Tai Chi in a park.

Tai Chi Reduces Breast Cancer Survivors’ Insomnia and Inflammatory Disease Risk, Study Finds

Chronic insomnia is one of the most prominent symptoms experienced among cancer survivors and poses significant health concerns. A new study shows that Tai Chi led to more significant, sustained reduction in inflammation among participants compared to cognitive behavioral therapy.
Plastic model of a brain's right hemisphere next to a neuron model.

Stem Cells Help Scientists Understand How Neuronal Synapses Form and Function

New research clarifies the key mechanisms of synaptic formation, which might allow researchers to further focus on synapse dysfunction and health treatment options.
An open drug capsule with various food spilling out from the drug

Feed Your Microbes: How Diet Influences the Gut Microbiome and Health

Learn about the latest research exploring how diet impacts the gut microbiome and discover how changes to the gut microbiome may be affecting your behavior.
A 3D model of a human brain with coloured string emitting from the sides.

Molecular Glue Explains How Memories Last a Lifetime

A new study has uncovered a biological explanation for long-term memories. It centers on the discovery of the role of a molecule, KIBRA, that serves as a “glue” to other molecules, thereby solidifying memory formation.
Psychedelic spirals.

Potentially Safer MDMA Variants Identified for Psychotherapeutic Use

The use of the active ingredient 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methylamphetamine (MDMA), commonly known as "ecstasy", to support psychotherapy for mental illnesses such as post-traumatic stress disorder is being discussed worldwide.
Aerial view of a bowl filled with fruits, vegetables and quinoa

Intermittent Fasting Study Offers a Blueprint for Researching Diet’s Effect on the Brain

According to a study, while both diets had equally positive effects on reducing insulin resistance markers, intermittent fasting allowed for stronger improvements in memory and executive function than a standard healthy diet.
Cross section of a mitochondrion.

Sex-Specific Gene Activity Identified in Copepod Mitochondria

Hundreds of human diseases are linked to dysfunctional mitochondria, and a new study has revealed vast differences in gene activity within the mitochondria of males compared to females.

A purple human brain.

Brainwaves Reveal How We Recognize Songs

Researchers have uncovered how our brain reacts to and recognises music. The research shows that listening to music sets off a complex chain reaction of events in the brain —a discovery that may one day be used to help screen for dementia.
A man soundly asleep in bed.

Mindfulness Improves Sleep and Reduces Stress in Healthcare Professionals

Findings of a new study into mindfulness and sleep shed light on how mindfulness relates to emotion regulation and the way people handle stressful situations.