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Next-Generation Sequencing – News and Features

Psilocybe maluti growing on cow manure.

Mushroom Enthusiasts Discover Two New Psilocybe Species

Fungi aficionados have reason to rejoice, as two new species of Psilocybe mushrooms – best known for their psychoactive properties – have been discovered in South Africa.
A man holding a clump of his hair and holding his head

Targeting an Ancient Biological Stress Response Could Help Prevent Hair Loss

Activation of an ancient biological stress response has been linked to a proliferative block in the human hair follicle. Researchers suggest that targeting this stress response could be used to help maintain hair follicles and treat hair loss.
HIV, the AIDS virus (yellow), infecting a human cell.

Novel Lab Test Detects HIV Strains in Africa, Paving Way for Global Cure

A multinational team developed a test that will help measure the persistence of HIV in people affected by viral strains found predominantly in Africa—a vital tool in the search for an HIV cure that will benefit patients around the world.
Cancer cells.

Study Sheds Light on Early Development of Multiple Myeloma

Multiple myeloma is one of the most common forms of cancer of the immune cells in the bone marrow. It is considered incurable. Even when patients respond to treatment at first, the cancer comes back.
A group of five girls on a log across a stream.

Over 1,000 Gene Variants Can Influence the Age of First Menstrual Period

In the largest study of its kind to date, researchers found more than 1,000 gene variants that influence the age of first menstrual period.
A close up of someone taking blood.

New Blood Test Method Promises Personalized Cancer Treatments

UZH and USZ researchers have now further developed an advanced method to analyze liquid biopsies of DNA fragments in the blood. It is fast and practical, without putting much of a strain on patients.
A 3D model of a human brain.

RNA Editing Differs in Living vs Postmortem Brains

Researchers from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai have shed valuable light on the nuanced functions and intricate regulatory methods of RNA editing, a critical mechanism underlying brain development and disease.
A scientist pipetting into a test tube.

Three Extinct Walnut Species Found in Arctic's Ancient Forest

Scientists describe three new, but long-extinct, walnut species on an island above the Arctic Circle. The fossils were discovered further north than any known walnut species, living or extinct.
Mycena epipterygia.

Arctic Mushrooms Have the Biggest Fungal Genomes

A study of multiple Mycena mushroom species, also known as “bonnets,” reported in the journal Cell Genomics on June 27 has found that they have unexpectedly large genomes.
Red and blue frog on the ground.

Frogs' Light-Sensing Proteins Have Evolved With Surprising Diversity

Opsins are responsible for many biological functions, like regulating circadian rhythms. Research into the evolution of nonvisual opsins in frogs has found that most modern species examined retained a shocking number of these proteins.