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FEATURED ARTICLES

 

Latest Articles

Raman Microscopy Could Help Pathologists Diagnose Thyroid Cancer
Article

The new method has the potential to help pathologists overcome some of the current limitations of diagnosing thyroid cancer. We interviewed UCD’s Dr James Chan, Associate Professor, and Dr Marcos Soares de Oliveira, Postdoctoral Scientist, to learn more about the study and its wider implications.

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Advances in Immunomodulators for Vaccines To Prevent and Treat Autoimmune Diseases
Article

Epidemiological studies suggest that environmental rather than genetic factors are responsible for the current autoimmune epidemic. We take a look at how immunotolerance may be induced in affected individuals by taking inspiration from helminth infection.

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Low-nicotine Gene-edited Tobacco Could Combat Nicotine Addiction — But Not in Europe
Article

The applications of CRISPR mediated genome editing are continuing to grow. The number of individuals addicted to nicotine is also continuing to grow. The solution? CRISPR-edited nicotine-free tobacco plants, say researchers Felix Stehle and Julia Schachtsiek from the Technical University of Dortmund in Germany.

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BNA Interview Series: The Genetics of Neurodegeneration With Professor John Hardy
Article

At the British Neuroscience Association (BNA)’s Festival of Neuroscience in April 2019, we were lucky enough to sit down with some influential neuroscientists to discuss their work. Here we interview University College London’s John Hardy, whose work into the genetics of neurodegenerative disorders saw him share the Brain Prize in 2018.

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Transcription vs Translation Worksheet
Article

The journey from gene to protein is complex and tightly controlled within each cell. It consists of two major steps: transcription and translation. Here, we describe the processes of transcription and translation as they take place in eukaryotic cells.

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Knowledge Really Is Power When It Comes to Investigating the Mechanisms of Microbes
Article

For scientists investigating genomes and molecular mechanisms of microbes, it is vital that they can collate existing knowledge and understanding in the context of their current work to draw conclusions and fill gaps in knowledge. We spoke to Dr Peter Karp, leader of the BioCyc project, a microbial genomes and metabolic pathways web portal, about the evolution of BioCyc and its role in research.

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Gram Positive vs Gram Negative
Article

Being able to differentiate bacterial species is important for a host of reasons. Whilst molecular techniques can determine the specific species, even without getting into the molecular nitty gritty, there are phenotypic differences between groups of bacteria that can be used to differentiate them. One such useful classification – if a bacterium is Gram positive or Gram negative - is based on the structure of bacterial cell walls.

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Gray Matter vs White Matter
Article

The brain is an immensely complex structure, but there are ways we can divide up its anatomical structure into more discrete parts. One common divider is to separate the brain’s gray and white matter. But what are these two structures? How different are they from each other? How significant, and physiologically relevant, is this divide?

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Pressure to Fight Vaccine Hesitancy As Measles Cases Soar
Article

The UK has lost its measles-elimination status. New York have removed nonmedical exemptions from school vaccination requirements. Italy have made a number of vaccines mandatory. Here, we explore how global health authorities are tackling the issue of vaccine hesitancy as the number of measles cases continues to rise.

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A New Dawn for Security Vulnerabilities in HPC
Article

In February 2018, Russian nuclear scientists at the Federal Nuclear Center were arrested for using their supercomputer resources to mine crypto-currency. Previously, HPC security breaches like this tended to be few and far between. However, recent trends are increasing the vulnerabilities and threats faced by HPC systems. In this article, OCF's Mischa van Kesteren takes a look at the new threats facing HPC systems.

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