Aldehyde Gas Detection Aided by Novel SERS Sensor
A surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) gas sensor has been developed to detect aldehyde with high sensitivity and selectivity, which provides a new detection method for studying the adsorption of gas molecules on porous materials.
Discrepancies in the Reference Human Genomes Are Identified
Researchers have identified genetic variant discrepancies between the two human reference genomes, creating guidance for laboratories to take advantage of an improved human reference genome.
What Happens Inside Brain Cells Affected by Alzheimer's?
Research shows that in Alzheimer's disease, various proteins and protein components accumulate in nerve cells, affecting their functions.
Fish From Toxic Water Pass Down Epigenetic Mutations to Freshwater Offspring
A research team led by Washington State University scientists analyzed the epigenetics — molecular factors and processes that determine whether genes are turned on or off — of a group of Poecilia mexicana fish, or Atlantic molly, that live in springs naturally high in hydrogen sulfide, which is normally toxic to most organisms.
Specialized Bacteria Make a Meal From DNA on the Seafloor
Researchers have discovered several bacteria from the Atlantic Ocean that use DNA as a food source.
In the Human Gut Microbiome, Persistence Pays Off
Researchers have investigated the evolution of bacteria in the human gut microbiome using metagenomics.
People With Opioid Use Disorder Have Altered Brain Inflammation
What happens in the brains of people with opioid use disorders (OUD)? The answer has remained elusive to science. To address this issue, researchers from Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) have conducted the largest transcriptomic (the study of all the RNA molecules within a cell) study to date using postmortem brains from people with OUD.
Urgent Need To Reduce Childrens' Ultra-Processed Food Consumption
Researchers found that ultra-processed foods (UPFs) make up a considerably high proportion of children's diets and the more UPFs consumed, the greater the risk of becoming overweight or obese.
Drug Targets Pancreatic Tumors Harboring Mutant KRAS
Researchers have demonstrated that pancreatic cancer patients with mutant KRAS-addicted tumors could benefit from treatment with a CDK inhibitor.
Good Taste Is Not Just a Coincidence
Does evolution explain why we can’t resist a salty chip? Researchers found that differences between the elemental composition of foods and the elemental needs of animals can explain the development of pleasing tastes like salty, umami and sweet.
Team Finds Compounds Capable of Killing Lethal Liver Cancer Cells
Surgery is currently the only option for fibrolamellar carcinoma. Researchers have discovered classes of therapeutics that destroy fibrolamellar tumor cells growing in mice.