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Minimizing Cancer Patients’ Hair Loss by Developing Specially-formulated Shampoo
News   Apr 12, 2019

Scientists at the University of Huddersfield aim to minimize, or eliminate completely, the hair loss that is one of the most distressing side-effects of cancer treatment. They aim to achieve this by combining scalp cooling – already shown to be effective in half of all cases – with a specially formulated shampoo or lotion that could be applied to the scalp.

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Don't Use Unapproved Devices to Diagnose Concussions, Warns FDA
News   Apr 12, 2019

The FDA warned that some tools — such as apps on a smartphone marketed to coaches or parents for use during sporting events — have not been reviewed by the FDA for safety and efficacy and could result in an incorrect diagnosis, potentially leading to a person with a serious head injury returning to their normal activities instead of getting medical care.

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Eliminating Bacteria and Viruses From Organs Before Transplantation
News   Apr 12, 2019

A new technique for the decontamination of organs before transplantation using ultraviolet and red light irradiation has been developed.

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Ketamine Reverses Neural Changes Underlying Depression-related Behaviors in Mice
News   Apr 12, 2019

Researchers have identified ketamine-induced brain-related changes that are responsible for maintaining the remission of behaviors related to depression in mice – findings that may help researchers develop interventions that promote lasting remission of depression in humans.

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Monitoring Glacial Breakage With Earthquakes
News   Apr 12, 2019

Researchers are using earthquakes generated when icebergs break away—felt hundreds of kilometres off—to measure ice loss from glaciers, extent of which cannot be measured through satellite observation.

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38 Newly Discovered Genes Offer Hope for Restoring Hearing
News   Apr 12, 2019

Multiple new genes involved in hearing loss have been revealed in a large study of mouse mutants. The new genes identified reveal the metabolic pathways and regulatory processes involved in hearing.

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Experimental PET Scan Detects Tau Protein in NFL Players
News   Apr 12, 2019

New research reveals that an experimental PET (positron emission tomography) scan on living people is able to detect abnormal brain tissue—called tau protein—in patterns similar to those found in the brains of deceased people diagnosed with chronic traumatic encephalopathy after death.

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Ant Microbiota Compound Offers Problematic Fungi Killing Potential
News   Apr 12, 2019

Antimicrobial and antifungal resistance is a major public health problem worldwide. A study suggests that the solution may come from the tiny bodies of insects, or more accurately, from the microbiota that they host.

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Space Travel Has No Major or Lingering Epigenetic Effects
News   Apr 12, 2019

In a landmark study, a group of U.S. scientists has found no long-lasting, major differences between the epigenomes of astronaut Scott Kelly, who spent a year in space aboard the International Space Station, and his twin brother, Mark, who remained on Earth.

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"Mindreading" Neurons Help Us Simulate Others' Mindset
News   Apr 12, 2019

Scientists have identified special types of brain cells that may allow us to simulate the decision-making processes of others, thereby reconstructing their state of mind and predicting their intentions. Dysfunction in these "simulation neurons" may help explain difficulties with social interactions in conditions such as autism and social anxiety.

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