600 Base Reads on the Ion S5™ Next-Generation Sequencing System Enables Accurate HLA Typing of 96 Samples on One 530™ Chip
Poster Feb 09, 2016
Peter B. Vander Horn, Cisilya Duncan, Jamsheed Ghadiri, Amneet Gulati, Diana Jeon, April Jung, Mindy Landes, Tommie Lincecum, Geoffrey Lowman, Vadim Mozhayskiy, Linus Ong, Xinzhan Peng, Maryam Shenasa, Prasanna Thwar
Longer read lengths simplify genome assembly, haplotyping, metagenomics, and the design of library primers for targeted resequencing. Several new technologies were developed to enable the sequencing of templates with inserts over 600 bases: a fast isothermal templating technology, an ISP™ that is optimized for maximum template density, a new long-read sequencing polymerase, and instrument scripts that consume less reagents. We demonstrate the combination of these technologies to sequence 600 base long DNAs on an Ion 530 Chip™ with an average AQ20 mean read length over 500 bp. The protocol was used to type human leukocyte antigen (HLA) alleles, a haplotyping application that is greatly simplified by long read length sequence data. 96 HLA samples were typed with 99.7% concordance to truth on one Ion 530 chip.
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Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified more than 100 genetic loci associated with type 2 diabetes. The majority of these are located in the intergenic or intragenic regions suggesting that the implicated variants may alter chromatin conformation. This, in turn, is likely to influence the expression of nearby or more remotely located genes to alter beta cell function. At present, however, detailed molecular and functional analyses are still lacking for most of these variants. We recently analysed one of these loci and mapped five causal variants in an islet-specific enhancer cluster within the STARD10 gene locus. Here, we aimed to understand how these causal variants influence b-cell function by alteration of the chromatin structure of enhancer clusterREAD MORE