A Mix-and-Read Cell-Based Assay for Antibody Screening Against Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor
Poster Jul 05, 2011
Wayne Bowen, David Onley, Tristan Cope
The conventional antibody screening assay based on antibody-antigen binding has been enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). While tedious and consuming, ELISA has proved sufficient for the identification of antibodies directed against secreted antigens. However, cell surface antigens (e.g. GPCRs) provide challenges for ELISA due to the shortage of soluble antigens and high variability resulting from loss of cells during wash procedures. Mix-and-read assays (FMAT® assays) overcome such problems.
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified more than 100 genetic loci associated with type 2 diabetes. The majority of these are located in the intergenic or intragenic regions suggesting that the implicated variants may alter chromatin conformation. This, in turn, is likely to influence the expression of nearby or more remotely located genes to alter beta cell function. At present, however, detailed molecular and functional analyses are still lacking for most of these variants. We recently analysed one of these loci and mapped five causal variants in an islet-specific enhancer cluster within the STARD10 gene locus. Here, we aimed to understand how these causal variants influence b-cell function by alteration of the chromatin structure of enhancer clusterREAD MORE