Amplicon Based 16S Ribosomal RNA Sequencing and Genus Identification
Poster Feb 19, 2015
*Jan Risinger, *Lindsey Renken, +Josh Hill, +Noushin Ghaffari, PhD, +Richard P. Metz, PhD, +Charles D. Johnson, PhD, *Masoud M. Toloue, Ph
Next generation sequencing analysis of 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) is commonly used to identify bacterial species and perform taxonomic studies. Bacterial 16S rRNA genes contain 9 hyper-variable regions with considerable sequence diversity among different bacterial species and can be used for species id. Rapid determination of highly complex bacterial populations through targeted amplification can provide an accurate gauge of diversity at taxonomic hierarchies as low as the genus level. A single 16S rRNA hypervariable domain does not have enough sequence diversity to distinguish genera. With increased read lengths of Illumina MiSeq chemistry, Bioo Scientific has expanded the common analysis of the fourth hyper-variable domain (V4) of prokaryotic 16S rRNA to V1, V2 and V3 regions simultaneously. Optimized preparation through a streamlined standardized procedure allows for high-quality, reproducible libraries. This optimization can be applied to different windows of 16S rRNA as well as other relevant prokaryotic taxonomic markers.
Characterization of a Type 2 diabetes-associated islet-specific enhancer cluster in STARD10 by genome editing of EndoC-βH1 cellsPoster
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified more than 100 genetic loci associated with type 2 diabetes. The majority of these are located in the intergenic or intragenic regions suggesting that the implicated variants may alter chromatin conformation. This, in turn, is likely to influence the expression of nearby or more remotely located genes to alter beta cell function. At present, however, detailed molecular and functional analyses are still lacking for most of these variants. We recently analysed one of these loci and mapped five causal variants in an islet-specific enhancer cluster within the STARD10 gene locus. Here, we aimed to understand how these causal variants influence b-cell function by alteration of the chromatin structure of enhancer clusterREAD MORE
Psychiatric Risk Gene Cacna1c and Early Life Stress: Potential Gene-Environment interactions?Poster
Early life stress (ELS) is highly associated with development of psychopathology
and mood disorders in adulthood. Genetic studies have identified variation in the gene calcium voltage-gated channel subunit alpha1C (CACNA1C) to increase risk for several psychiatric disorders. This poster assessed the expression of Cacna1c following prepubertal stress.
Correlations among the Toddler Gut Microbiome and Health Status VariablesPoster
Establishment and succession of the human microbiome begins at birth and microbial composition adapts alongside human development and growth. Development of a healthy signature microbial community has significant effects on health.This study followed 18 very low birth weight (VLBW) infants, measured initially in the from Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), at the age of two to three years old.READ MORE