Cas9 Driven by an Optimal Promoter Improves Gene Editing in Eukaryotic Cell Lines when Paired with Synthetic crRNA and tracrRNA
Poster Mar 10, 2015
Amanda Haupt, Emily Anderson, Žaklina Strezoska, Hidevaldo Machado, Shawn McClelland, Maren Mayer, Adam Rocker, Annaleen Vermeulen, Amanda Birmingham, Melissa Kelley, Anja Smith
Interest in genome engineering of mammalian cells has been increasing in the past few years with the development of new tools to create DNA breaks at specific locations on the cell genome. Among these tools, the CRISPR (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats)-Cas9 (CRISPR associated protein 9) system has gained significant interest due to its relative simplicity and ease of use compared to other genome engineering technologies. The CRISPR-Cas9 system requires a complex of the Cas9 protein with a trans-activating RNA (tracrRNA) and a gene-targeting CRISPR RNA (crRNA) (Figure 1), or a single guide RNA (sgRNA, a chimeric form of tracrRNA with a crRNA).
Presented here are results on the efficiency of using synthetic crRNA and tracrRNA to introduce gene editing events when co-transfected with a plasmid expressing Cas9. We explored the use of antibiotic and fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) methods for enrichment of cells that have undergone gene editing, and the use of multiple promoters to increase efficiency of gene editing with Cas9 and synthetic tracrRNA and crRNAs.
Novel Role of the Innate Immune DNA Sensor IFI16 (Interferon Gamma Inducible Protein 16) as a Major Epigenetic Modulator During KSHV Infection and Lytic ReactivationPoster
Studies have shown that IFI16 acts as an antiviral restriction factor against a number of DNA viruses, by inhibiting viral replication or transcription through epigenetic modifications. However, till date, no specific epigenetic function of IFI16 has been identified. Here, we have discovered that IFI16 recruits two histone methyltransferases on the KSHV episome leading to altered Histone H3K9 methylation, thus regulating its lifecycle.READ MORE
A new method for generating arrayed RNAi screening tools for any organismPoster
RNA interference (RNAi) using small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) is an important technology for down-regulation of gene expression and a powerful tool to study cellular processes and pathways. Previously, large collections of siRNAs were available only for traditional experimental model systems, such as human and mouse, and predominantly provided as chemically synthesized libraries.READ MORE
Knockout of microRNAs Using the CRISPR-Cas9 System with Paired Synthetic crRNAsPoster
We utilized paired synthetic crRNAs coupled with our synthetic tracrRNA in cells transduced with lentiviral Cas9 to perform a functional knockout on hsa-miR-221. This three-part system (crRNA, tracrRNA and Cas9) has demonstrated efficient gene editing when used with only one guide RNA, but the goal was to use two crRNAs to remove the entire stem-loop.READ MORE