Characterization of Heavily Contaminated Sites using NMR Spectroscopy
Poster Jun 14, 2017
Darcy Fallaise, Brent G. Pautler, Arvin Moser, James G. Longstaffe
Groundwater is a vital part of our modern society, supplying a significant amount of the water we use in our homes, agricultural fields and industries every day. Given its importance, we are all affected by the environmental, health, and economic consequences when groundwater is polluted with hazardous chemical contaminants. Characterizing the nature and extent of contamination present at a site is a key step when developing risk assessments and implementing remedial solutions for contaminated groundwater.
Conventional analytical approaches are usually designed for the targeted analysis of a suite of suspected contaminants. These methods, however, often fail to identify compounds that are not normally analyzed for, including degradation products, proprietary chemicals, and other species for which standards are not readily available. NMR spectroscopy provides a unique analytical approach to present a more complete and unbiased understanding of the nature and extent of organic compounds present at contaminated sites undergoing assessment and monitoring activities.
This poster discusses the use of 1D and 2D NMR experiments, including 1H, 13C, 19F, TOCSY, HSQC, DOSY and homonuclear J-Resolved, for the non-targeted analysis of constituents present at heavily contaminated sites.
Using Elemental Analysis For Discrimination Of Pinot Noir Wines From Six Different Districts In An AvaPoster
The determination of geographical origin of wine is gaining increased interest by researchers and federal agencies around the world, partially due to increased fraud with regards to place of origin labelling. For wine, multi-elemental profiling of macro, micro, and trace elements has been proposed for determination of authenticity. Commercial wines from different wineries in 5 different neighborhoods within one AVA show characteristic elemental fingerprints. Macro, micro and trace elements as well as elemental ratios contribute to the observed separation, indicating the involvement of multiple factors and underlying mechanisms, including location and soil composition, elemental uptake by vine and rootstock, viticulture and nutrient management, water sources, and small differences in the different wineries.READ MORE
Fast arsenic speciation analysis of wines and rice with LC-ICP-QQQPoster
This method was designed in response to recent and proposed food standards, both international and national, that limit inorganic arsenic rather than total, organic, or individual arsenic species such as arsenite (AsIII) and arsenate (AsV). Analysis time is 10x faster than the current FDA regulatory method, increasing sample throughput, avoided spectral interferences and dramatically increased sensitivity. Validation data from two laboratories demonstrate the method’s accuracy and reproducibility of both wine and rice matrices in a single analytical batch.READ MORE
Elemental profiles of whiskies allow differentiation by type and region by inductively coupled plasma –optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES)Poster
The analysis of the elemental composition of whiskies provides a host of important information including sample origin and understanding how different whiskey styles are caused by processing equipment and raw materials. Preliminary data analysis of the whiskies showed that element compositions could possibly be used to differentiate samples based on age, type, and region.READ MORE