Chemically Modified Primers for Improved Multiplexed PCR
Poster Jan 08, 2010
Elena Hidalgo Ashrafi, Tony Le, Alexandre Lebedev, Richard Hogrefe, Victor Timoshchuk, Sabrina Shore, Inna Koukhareva and Natasha Paul
Multiplex PCR is an advantageous technique used in PCR applications to amplify multiple targets in a single reaction. As useful as it is, this technique presents a new set of challenges that further complicates PCR setup. For example, reactions are more prone to off-target amplifications such as mis-priming and primer dimer due to the increased number of primer pairs. Furthermore, preferential amplification of certain targets leads to an unequal distribution of amplicon products, making quantification and detection of problematic targets extremely difficult. To improve upon the problems specific to multiplex PCR, we evaluated Hot Start modified primers which contain either one or two thermolabile 4-oxo-tetradecyl (OXT) modifications to prevent DNA polymerase extension at low-stringent temperatures, and that are released after a Hot Start activation step. Herein, we find that the singly-modified primers provide greater amplification efficiency, specificity, and yield in the multiplex amplification of DNA targets. In reverse transcriptase PCR (RT-PCR), the doubly-modified primers have been proven to be the optimal choice. The presence of two thermolabile protecting groups allows for an efficient one-step RT-PCR reaction that provides high specificity for multiple targets. TriLink’s innovative technology represents a convenient tool for multiplex PCR amplification of DNA and RNA samples.
Despite the developments in conventional PCR, the complexity of multiplex Real Time PCR is still limited due to the lack of sufficient detection channels. To achieve high-end multiplexing capacity on standard Real Time PCR machines, Anapa Biotech has developed the MeltPlex® technology (see box on right).READ MORE
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified more than 100 genetic loci associated with type 2 diabetes. The majority of these are located in the intergenic or intragenic regions suggesting that the implicated variants may alter chromatin conformation. This, in turn, is likely to influence the expression of nearby or more remotely located genes to alter beta cell function. At present, however, detailed molecular and functional analyses are still lacking for most of these variants. We recently analysed one of these loci and mapped five causal variants in an islet-specific enhancer cluster within the STARD10 gene locus. Here, we aimed to understand how these causal variants influence b-cell function by alteration of the chromatin structure of enhancer clusterREAD MORE