Factors Influencing mAb Aggregation in Mammalian Cell Culture
Poster Sep 24, 2014
Albert Paul, Melanie Leitte, Franziska Schandock, Rene Handrick and Friedemann Hesse
Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) are important biopharmaceuticals for the treatment of many diseases. During manufacturing the proteins tend to form aggregates, which reduce product yields, influence drug performance and safety. Environmental conditions during production in mammalian cell culture influence the formation of high molecular weight (HMW) species. In this report, we show how mAb aggregates can be detected directly in the cell culture supernatant using size exclusion chromatography (SEC) in a high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) system. We have investigated the impact of batch cultivation in different culture vessels, the addition of Valproic acid (VPA) as small molecule enhancer of protein production and the influence of the cell culture environment itself on the formation of mAb aggregates in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell culture. Our results prove that aggregate formation can occur already during upstream processing (USP) due to intracellular and extracellular mechanisms and is not only a problem in downstream processing (DSP).
Multiplexing cell-based assays is possible using 3D culture models that are larger and more complex than monolayers
Real-time detection methods to measure live or dead cells provide much flexibility for multiplexing
All multiplexed assay combinations should be verified using appropriate controls for each 3D cell culture model.
Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) is widely used in vitro for the maintenance and stimulation of a variety of cells. However, use of native bFGF in cell biology is limited by the fact that bFGF rapidly degrades at physiological temperatures. We have addressed this problem with an engineered form of bFGF, named Heat Stable bFGF (HS bFGF), which is stable at 37 degrees Celsius.READ MORE