Gene Expression from Pseudourine and 5-Methylcytidine Modified Messenger RNA
Poster Oct 04, 2012
Jiehua Zhou, Maggie L. Bobbin, Julie R. Escamilla-Powers, Anton P. McCaffrey and John J. Rossi
Recently, there has been significant interest in the use of mRNA based expression systems for gene therapy applications and for the generation and manipulation of stem cells. Several groups have shown that mRNAs are attractive vehicles for therapeutic gene expression in mammals (Kormann et. al. Nat. Biotechnol (2011) 29, 154; Kariko et. al. Molecular Therapy (2012) Epub ahead of print). Additionally, Warren et al. demonstrated highly efficient induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSCs) generation by transfection of mRNAs encoding reprogramming factors (Warren et al. Cell Stem Cell (2010) 7, 618). The authors suggested that iPSCs generated in this manner should be safer than iPSCs derived by plasmid transfection or viral transduction as there is no risk of insertional mutagenesis and subsequent oncogenesis.
Psychiatric Risk Gene Cacna1c and Early Life Stress: Potential Gene-Environment interactions?Poster
Early life stress (ELS) is highly associated with development of psychopathology
and mood disorders in adulthood. Genetic studies have identified variation in the gene calcium voltage-gated channel subunit alpha1C (CACNA1C) to increase risk for several psychiatric disorders. This poster assessed the expression of Cacna1c following prepubertal stress.
Regulatory T-Cells (Tregs) Within Bone Marrow-Derived Stem Cells (BMSCs) Actively Confer Immunomodulatory and Neuroprotective Effects Against StrokePoster
We found a distinct subpopulation of Tregs within BMSCs. Tregs and BMSCs in co-culture conferred neuroprotection that varied in a dose-dependent manner. Tregs minimized stem cell production of IL-6, a pro-inflammatory cytokine, and inhibited BMSC secretion of FGF-beta, a cytokine related to BMSC proliferation and differentiation. The ratio of Tregs found natively in BMSCs is optimally adapted to provide the maximum neuroprotective benefit of stem cell treatment after ischemic stroke.READ MORE
Novel Role of the Innate Immune DNA Sensor IFI16 (Interferon Gamma Inducible Protein 16) as a Major Epigenetic Modulator During KSHV Infection and Lytic ReactivationPoster
Studies have shown that IFI16 acts as an antiviral restriction factor against a number of DNA viruses, by inhibiting viral replication or transcription through epigenetic modifications. However, till date, no specific epigenetic function of IFI16 has been identified. Here, we have discovered that IFI16 recruits two histone methyltransferases on the KSHV episome leading to altered Histone H3K9 methylation, thus regulating its lifecycle.READ MORE