Novel Culture Medium using a Small-molecule Agonist of Thrombopoetin Receptor
Poster Mar 20, 2015
Hondo M1; Nishino T2; Inamura M1
Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), defined by their capacity to self-renew and differentiate into all blood cell lineages, can be applied for transplantation therapy. Since a large number of HSCs are required for clinical use, improvement of techniques for expansion of HSCs ex vivo is a critical issue. Several cytokines have been used for this purpose. Thrombopoietin (TPO) is an essential cytokine that regulates megakaryocyte production and HSC proliferation via activating signaling through its receptor c- MPL. We have developed a small-molecule agonist (NR-101) of c-MPL and report that human HSCs are expanded efficiently ex vivo with NR-101. Using a new small-molecule agonist NR- 102 which is related to NR-101, we produced a novel culture medium, ReproHSCTM. The cost for culture of human HSC can be reduced by using this small-molecule.
Here we demonstrated that ReproHSCTM efficiently expands human CD34+CD38- primitive hematopoietic cells in culture and thereby enhances repopulating capacity of HSCs in NOD/SCID mice. Human blood cord CD34+ cells were cultured with ReproHSCTM supplemented with only Stem Cell Factor (SCF) for 7 days. The total cell number was increased about 40-fold during culture. CD34+ cells and CD34+CD38- cells were expanded 12- fold and 8.5-fold, respectively. We then transplanted expanded cells with ReproHSCTM supplemented with SCF and flt3 ligand for 14 days into NOD/SCID mice and analyzed the SCID-repopulating CD45+ cells with flow cytometry. The expanded cells established engraftment better than the fresh CD34+ cells did. These results indicate that ReproHSCTM is a novel medium suitable for the expansion of HSCs ex vivo.
Regulatory T-Cells (Tregs) Within Bone Marrow-Derived Stem Cells (BMSCs) Actively Confer Immunomodulatory and Neuroprotective Effects Against StrokePoster
We found a distinct subpopulation of Tregs within BMSCs. Tregs and BMSCs in co-culture conferred neuroprotection that varied in a dose-dependent manner. Tregs minimized stem cell production of IL-6, a pro-inflammatory cytokine, and inhibited BMSC secretion of FGF-beta, a cytokine related to BMSC proliferation and differentiation. The ratio of Tregs found natively in BMSCs is optimally adapted to provide the maximum neuroprotective benefit of stem cell treatment after ischemic stroke.READ MORE
Knockout of microRNAs Using the CRISPR-Cas9 System with Paired Synthetic crRNAsPoster
We utilized paired synthetic crRNAs coupled with our synthetic tracrRNA in cells transduced with lentiviral Cas9 to perform a functional knockout on hsa-miR-221. This three-part system (crRNA, tracrRNA and Cas9) has demonstrated efficient gene editing when used with only one guide RNA, but the goal was to use two crRNAs to remove the entire stem-loop.READ MORE
Designing a Model to Explore Tau's Unfolded Protein ResponsePoster
The purpose of this research is to design a cell model in which ER stress caused by tau accumulation can be generated, and then investigated for changes in different ER stress-associated proteins.READ MORE
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Epigenetics in the nervous system: development and disease
Oct 01 - Oct 03, 2018