Resistance-Associated Variants in HCV Genotype 1 Populations
Poster May 28, 2016
Elian Rakhmanaliev1, Pramila Ariyaratne1, Zhang Rui1, Kok Siong Poon2, Cui Wen Chua2, Mui Joo Khoo2, Evelyn S. Koay2, Ekawat Passomsub3, Wasun Chantratita3, Gerd Michel1
HCV treatment with directly acting antiviral drugs (DAAs) has a short duration very effective with few adverse effects. However, not all patients can be treated with DAAs alone, as pegylated interferon and/or ribavirin are needed for some genotypes. Accurate genotyping therefore remains one of the pillars of treatment selection. Given the increasing number of DAAs coming to market the detection of resistance-associated variants (RAVs) is becoming increasingly important to further refine and optimize drug therapy. In this study we specifically investigated RAVs emerging in the globally prevalent HCV genotype (GT1). 110 EDTA-plasma and serum samples from Asian patients with chronic HCV GT1a (n=56) or GT1b (n=54) infection were included in this study. We used a novel automated Next Generation Sequencing (NGS)-based integrated workflow, comprised of a robotic platform, RNA extraction and library preparation kits (Sentosa SQ HCV Genotyping Assay), Ion Torrent deep sequencing and software. The system generates an automated report based on proprietary software. The sequencing data analysis includes 136 known RAVs in the NS3, NS5A and NS5B genes. 52.7%(58/110) of HCV GT1a and GT1b strains were carrying 1 or multiple RAVs in 23 positions across all target genes. An unequal distribution of 4 mutations in the GT1 subtypes was observed. The frequency of the Q80K mutation (NS3) was 25%(14/56) in GT1a and 1.9%(1/54) in GT1b while mutations Q54H and Y93H (NS5A) were prevalent in GT1b at 42.6%(23/54) and 18.5%(10/54) respectively. Y93H was detected in GT1a at 1.8%(1/56). Mutation V499A in NS5B was only found in GT1b at 25.9%(14/54), but not in GT1a. In conclusion, beyond the crucial role of accurate HCV genotyping detection of RAVs by NGS across drug target genes is becoming increasingly important for fine-tuning of HCV treatment. A combined approach by a newly developed NGS-based system can help to streamline generation of relevant pre-treatment information.
Mass Spectrometry: From Imaging to Metabolic NetworksPoster
We show that network analysis of co-localized ions from mass spectrometry imaging data provides a detailed chemo-spatial insight into the metabolic heterogeneity of tumor. Furthermore, module preservation analysis between colorectal cancer patients with and without metastatic recurrence suggests hypotheses on the nature of the different local metabolic pathways.READ MORE
Psychiatric Risk Gene Cacna1c and Early Life Stress: Potential Gene-Environment interactions?Poster
Early life stress (ELS) is highly associated with development of psychopathology
and mood disorders in adulthood. Genetic studies have identified variation in the gene calcium voltage-gated channel subunit alpha1C (CACNA1C) to increase risk for several psychiatric disorders. This poster assessed the expression of Cacna1c following prepubertal stress.
T-helper cell phenotype expression in cutaneous lesions of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphomaPoster
Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) is a common type of peripheral T-cell lymphoma. AITL can be missed until lymphadenopathy develops in patients initially presenting with skin lesions, as skin biopsy may lack conclusive findings. Our case highlights the extranodal presentation of AITL with cutaneous lesions displaying the TFH phenotype.READ MORE
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