The Role of microRNAs in Memory Consolidation in Lymnaea
Poster Nov 01, 2015
György Kemenes1, Dimitris Vavoulis2, Sergei Korneev1
After single-trial classical conditioning there are well-defined time windows of activation of and requirement for key ‘conventional’ molecular players in the different phases of the consolidation of longterm memory (LTM) in Lymnaea. Two important related discoveries we have made recently are:
i) late LTM (24h post-training) requires transcription at 6h post-training
ii) at 6h post-training, there is ongoing phosphorylation of CREB1 and increased acetylation of H3, both of which can be measured in the ‘learning ganglia’ as well as in single identified neurons known to be involved in learning
However, the requirement for new protein synthesis for LTM only lasts for up to 1h after conditioning. Together, these findings gave rise to the hypothesis that newly transcribed non-coding RNAs (e.g., miRNAs) are involved in the early as well as intermediate-term phase of memory consolidation. We tested this hypothesis by investigating the temporal dynamics of the post-training expression of miRNAs in the ‘learning ganglia’ of Lymnaea.
The novel ‘K’ DNA extraction protocol offers a reliable alternative for preparing fecal specimens for 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing that maintains representation of microbial populations in a sample, with the added benefits that the K method reduces hands-on time by up to 20 x for 96 sample preparations.READ MORE