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Cancer Genetics – News and Features

3D rendered enhanced scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of cancer cells at a very high magnification.

Ancient Viruses Reawaken To Fuel Modern-Day Cancer Spread

Researchers have found that DNA sequences originating from ancient viral infections can play a critical role in helping cancer to survive and thrive. The researchers suggest that silencing these sequences could help to improve cancer treatments.
Foam on top of brown leaves.

LED Light Technique Achieves 100% Breakdown of PFAS

A room-temperature method to decompose perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) using visible LED light offers a promising solution for sustainable fluorine recycling and PFAS treatment.
A pregnant woman sits in an armchair in front of a dog.

Pregnancy and Cancer Share a Common Immune Suppression Mechanism

A mechanism called B7-H4 plays an active role in moderating the immune system in both the placenta and the tumor microenvironment. According to research, blocking B7-H4 slows cancer’s growth.
A scientist overlaid with an image of a DNA double helix.

Researchers Identify Thousands of High-Risk Cancer Gene Variants

Researchers have investigated the impact of all possible genetic changes in the tumor suppressor gene BAP1.
An assortment of vegetables.

Nitrates From Plant Sources Appear Healthier Than Those From Processed Meat

New research has found that nitrate from plant sources is associated with a lower risk of mortality while nitrate from other sources such as animal-based foods, processed meat and tap water, is linked to a higher risk of mortality.
Double helix structure of DNA.

Which of the Two DNA Strands Is Damaged Influences Cancer Mutation Patterns

Cancer genomes are the result of diverse mutation processes that have often accumulated over decades. Scientists have analyzed the molecular evolution of tumors after exposure to mutagenic chemicals.
Cancer cells.

Why Many Non-Smoking Lung Cancer Patients Face Worse Outcomes

The reason why targeted treatment for non-small cell lung cancer fails to work for some patients, particularly those who have never smoked, has been discovered by researchers from UCL, the Francis Crick Institute and AstraZeneca.
Three T cells surround a cancer cell

Secondary Cancer Risk Low Following CAR T-Cell Therapy, Study Finds

New research illustrates that the risk of secondary cancers following CAR T-cell therapy is low.
Smoke coming from factory chimneys.

Mobile Monitoring for an Airborne Carcinogen in Louisiana’s “Cancer Alley”

Researchers reporting in ACS’ Environmental Science & Technology measured concerning levels of ethylene oxide in Louisiana’s southeastern corridor with mobile optical instruments, a technique they say could improve health risk assessments.
A clinician looks at a chest X ray.

“Self-Taught” AI Helps Diagnose and Predict Lung Cancer Severity

A computer program based on data from nearly a half-million tissue images and powered by artificial intelligence can accurately diagnose cases of adenocarcinoma.