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Infectious Diseases – News and Features

A person with an IV placed in their hand.

Nearly Half of Cancer Cases Are Linked to Modifiable Risk Factors, Study Finds

A new study has found that 40% of cancer cases, and nearly 50% of all cancer deaths, are linked to “modifiable risk factors” such as cigarette smoking, excess body weight and alcohol consumption.
3D structure of a cell going through cell lysis

A Single “Kiss” From a Parasite Alters Human Host Cell Metabolism

Using a novel imaging technique, researchers have described how a parasite “kisses” the surface of host cells before infection and how this affects host cell metabolism.
A mobile phone displaying the COVID-19 virus on screen

COVID-19 Phone Apps Shown To Provide Novel Insights On Epidemic Dynamics

Researchers analyzing data from mobile phone apps used during the COVID-19 pandemic found that digital contact tracing provides rich insights into epidemic dynamics with unprecedented resolution and speed.
3D yellow oblong bacteria particles on a blue background.

Respiratory Bacteria Survive by Switching Off the Immune System

Researchers have identified how a common bacterium is able to manipulate the human immune system during respiratory infections and cause persistent illness.
Rows of different green plants.

Wild Plants and Crops Share Too Many Pathogens To Be Good Neighbors

Native plants and non-native crops do not fare well in proximity to one another, attracting pests that spread diseases in both directions, reports two new studies.
A pregnant person in a yellow dress holds their belly.

One in Ten Pregnant People Who Contract COVID Will Develop Long COVID

Nearly one in ten people who get COVID while pregnant will go on to develop long COVID, a new report has found.
Plastic model of the lungs.

Prime Editing Corrects Cystic Fibrosis-Causing Mutation in Lung Cells

Researchers have developed a gene-editing approach that efficiently corrects the most common mutation that causes cystic fibrosis. With further development, it could pave the way for treatments that are administered only once and have fewer side effects.
A pile of pumpkins

One Pumpkin Pathogen Is so Successful It's Stopped Evolving, Say Scientists

According to new research, the pathogen that causes bacterial spot is so successful that it has had no reason to evolve through time or space.
Bacteria on a petri dish.

Discovery of a New Enzyme Could Contribute to Novel Antibacterial Therapies

A bacteriophage-derived enzyme called endolysin is capable of targeting biofilms formed by Enterococcus faecalis, contributing to novel antibacterial therapies.
A virus-specific T cell in the vascular system of a liver with chronic hepatitis B virus infection.

Liver Cells Put a “Sleep Timer” On Immune Cells in Chronic Hepatitis B Infection

A team has discovered that cells in blood vessels in the liver start a “sleep timer” that switches off immune cells, and targeting this mechanism could be a starting point for immunotherapies.