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Microbiomes – News and Features

News

Dietary Sugar Impacts Gut Microbiome, Eliminating Protection From Obesity and Diabetes

A study of mice found that dietary sugar alters the gut microbiome, setting off a chain of events that leads to metabolic disease, pre-diabetes, and weight gain.
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Gut Bacteria Co-Evolve With Their Hosts

According to research in mice, genetics can have a significant influence on the composition of gut bacteria.
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Unrelated People Sharing Similar Faces Also Have Similar DNA

In a new study, researchers have found that strong facial similarities are associated with shared genetic variants and lifestyle traits. The findings are published in the journal Cell Reports.
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Japanese Herbal Medicine Protects Gut Against Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Mice

According to a study, herbal medicine containing ginger, pepper, ginseng and maltose reduced the severity of colitis in lab mice.
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Targeting the Microbiome Could Reverse Food Allergies

Scientists describe a more palatable way to take a bacterial compound that has shown promise against allergic reactions.
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Caterpillar-Like Bacteria Evolved To Survive in the Mouth

Likely to survive in the oral cavity, bacteria evolved to divide along their longitudinal axis without parting from one another, forming caterpillar-like bacteria.
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Non-Nutritive Sweeteners May Affect the Human Body in Unanticipated Ways

A controlled trial suggests that these non-nutritive sweeteners affect the human gut microbes and may alter glucose metabolism; the effects vary greatly among individuals.
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Can PTSD Be Diagnosed Using Saliva?

A scientific breakthrough from the Tel Aviv and Haifa Universities may facilitate speedy, objective and accurate diagnosis of people suffering from PTSD, using saliva samples.
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Burrowing Crabs Bring Much Needed Microbes to Mangroves

Fiddler crabs burrowing beneath arid mangrove forests help bring beneficial bacteria to an ecosystem in dire need of nutrients.
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Alcohol Consumption Can Alter Gut Microbes, but Not How You Might Think

Excessive alcohol consumption can cause bacterial overgrowth in the gut, but mouse studies found this imbalance doesn’t appear to play a major role in alcoholic liver disease risk.
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