The diploid D genome species, Aegilops tauschii Coss. is source of allelic variation for hexaploid wheat, Triticum aestivum L and has provided numerous genes for resistance to diseases and insect pests. Direct crossing of Ae. tauschii accessions with an elite wheat breeding line transferred resistance to the Ug99 races of wheat stem rust. Bulked segregant analysis of BC2F1 genotypes with SSR loci across the D genome identified the chromosome locations of four stem rust resistance genes from four different Ae. tauschii accessions. Fine mapping is underway for a gene located distally on 6D. In the process of gene transfer, a nested design population was developed that samples the D genomes of seven different Ae. tauschii accessions in a single bread wheat background enabling the evaluation of novel quantitative variation. An additional three stem rust resistance genes have been identified this population. Currently, seed dormancy traits, pre-harvest sprouting resistance and amylase activity are being investigated.
Capturing D Genome Variation for Wheat Improvement
Video Apr 13, 2015
Our genetic makeup has fascinated scientists and medical researchers for decades. There have been significant advances in the field of rewriting the blueprint of life or our DNA. It's been used to treat and prevent a number of disorders and diseases. But it could also be used to create what some have called 'designer babies'. The medical world is divided over the approach. Last year, a scientist in China said he created the world's first genetically edited twins -- leading to global condemnation. Scientists have gathered in Geneva this week to try come up with some regulations. But how would officials enforce rules around our DNA? And what are the risks of advanced research into human genetics?WATCH NOW