Plant breeding has always been considered to be both, a science and an art. Knowledge of genetics, reproductive behavior, physiology and agronomy of a plant species have to be coupled with creativity, intuition and the famous “breeder’s eye” in order to result in successful new cultivars. Advances in plant genomics in the broadest sense have brought a new dimension to this. It has become increasingly important to identify those few segments of the accumulating genomic knowledge that are indeed useful for achieving breeding progress. More than ever before, this requires a vivid knowledge exchange and collaborative efforts among disciplines. Geneticists share their newest results with plant breeders and field agronomists and discuss their implications for future application in plant breeding. Commercial breeding companies are also present, along with officials of variety testing and protection bodies. EUCARPIA holds regular meetings in 8 crop specific and 3 thematic sections. Every 4 years, a general congress is held, the next taking place 29 Aug to 2 Sep 2016 in Zurich, Switzerland under the topic: “Plant breeding, the art of bringing science to life”.
EUCARPIA Helps Linking the Art and Science of Plant Breeding
Video Feb 02, 2015
Scientists have found a few bones and seven teeth belonging to a previously unknown species of human. They've named the new species Homo luzonensis, after the island of Luzon in the Philippines where it was found. The bones are tiny, suggesting that Homo luzonensis was under 4 feet tall. That would make it the second species of diminutive human to be found in south-east Asia; in 2007 scientists announced the discovery of Homo floresiensis, found on the island of Flores in Indonesia and nicknamed the hobbit. Both species lived around 50,000 years ago, at a time when Asia was also home to our species, the Neanderthals and a group called the Denisovans. The new species raises many questions, including who were its ancestors and how did it move?WATCH NOW
Machine learning and artificial intelligence are changing the nature of biological research, especially genomics. Artificial intelligence applications are opening up our understanding of ourselves and disease, and we must strive to create tools that can work as partners in research, not simply as black boxes. Barbara Engelhardt is an assistant professor in the Computer Science Department at Princeton University since 2014. She graduated from Stanford University and received her Ph.D. from the University of California, Berkeley, advised by Professor Michael Jordan. She did postdoctoral research at the University of Chicago, working with Professor Matthew Stephens, and three years at Duke University as an assistant professor. Interspersed among her academic experiences, she spent two years working at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a summer at Google Research, and a year at 23andMe, a DNA ancestry service. Professor Engelhardt received an NSF Graduate Research Fellowship, the Google Anita Borg Memorial Scholarship, the Walter M. Fitch Prize from the Society for Molecular Biology and Evolution, an NIH NHGRI K99/R00 Pathway to Independence Award, and the Sloan Faculty Fellowship. Professor Engelhardt is currently a PI on the Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx) Consortium. Her research interests involve statistical models and methods for analysis of high-dimensional data, with a goal of understanding the underlying biological mechanisms of complex phenotypes and human diseases. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community.WATCH NOW